Primary School Teacher Strategies to Teaching Young Children How to Read
Teach Young Children How to Read Using These Effective Techniques
Every child is different. There is no one-size-fit-all strategy in teaching young children to read. The key to teaching kids to develop a love for reading is to share your passion for books with them. Create a daily reading routine in the classroom. Choose books that are age-appropriate and align them to your students’ reading pace. Here are some teaching tools for young children which are applicable for kids of all ages. These steps are not necessarily arranged in sequential order, and should be treated as tips, rather than a process.
- Start with reading letters
The best way to teach kids to read is to introduce reading in small doses. Introduce a new letter every day. Focus on how these letters sound, and provide examples of the words that start with that certain letter. For example, letter B stands for boy, box, bees, and ball. Choose one-syllable words for easy consumption. Cut out the letters using colorful art papers, and glue some glitters, buttons, or flowers to spark the interest of students.
- Identifying words
When kids are already able to identify letters, it is time to proceed to the next level—word study. Create your own teaching material by cutting construction paper into rectangular pieces. Using a black marker, write simple words that children use every day, such as mom, dad, cat, dog, me, my, she, and he. Introduce a couple of flash cards per day. Teach the students how to pronounce these words through showing them the shape of your mouth as you say each word.
- Picture Books
Kids have short-attention span, and are highly visual. Work your way around these two facts. Just like teaching preschoolers to read, colorful graphics are the way to go when capturing the interest of young learners. Choose picture books that have one to two sentences per page. This way, you will be able to hold your students’ attention, and prevent them from getting bored. Aim to introduce two to three books per week.
- Reading Comprehension
There is more to reading than merely saying the word and uttering the sounds. A child may fluently read every word in a text without necessarily understanding a single thing. If your student doesn’t know what he is reading, he has missed the whole point. Through asking questions, you will determine whether your students are able to follow the story or not.
One tip in teaching young children is to read the title out loud. Ask your students what they think the story will be about. As you go through the book, allow them to identify the protagonist and the antagonist. Ask your students to provide adjectives that best describe each of the characters.
- Play games
Create a fun classroom environment by incorporating games in your lesson plan. Choose ten one-syllabic words from the book that your class has recently read. Write the words across the board in one horizontal line. Ask your students to provide words that rhyme with the given words. For example, if you wrote “boat” on the board, they have to provide words that belong to the same word family, like coat, boat, bloat, float, throat, and oat.